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Arsip Kategori: satellite business

Masih perlukan “konsep” televisi digital di Indonesia?


Jawabannya: tidak.
Masalah dari dijalankan atau tidaknya infrastruktur televisi digital (baca: televisi terestrial digital) adalah ketersediaan frekuensi. Belajar dari “filosofi Jokowi”, menggusur berbeda dengan menggeser. Permasalahannya, penghuni frekuensi sekarang tidak rela digusur atau digeser. Alasan utamanya: tidak adanya kepastian hukum, siapa dapat apa di sektor komunikasi dan informasi ini. Mau digusur atau bahkan cuma digeser pun, mekanismenya konon terlalu ribet atau tidak transparan.

Saya cuma ingin mengingatkan saja, di saat kita semua terlena dengan konsep “televisi terestrial digital”, di saat itu pula dunia sudah memasuki era baru. Indonesia tidak berada di dalam peta global Hbb (hybrid broadcast broadband), yang perangkatnya hari ini sudah konvergensi (terpadu, atau interconnected).

Menunggu Godot? Ah… kok ya tetap pada ngotot!

Hybrid Broadcast Broadband

Baca di sini untuk konsepsi Hbb.
Baca di sini dan di sini untuk ekonomi dunia bergerak hari ini (mobile economy), and TV experience is just a small part of it… WAKE UP ALL Y’ALL!!!

 

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My Old Article (3): GPRS — A new technology to put you on the fast track


gprs

JAKARTA (JP): What will happen in 2004? Some politicians aren’t prepared to wait that long to see a new president rule the country. Some of us cannot wait that long to see many changes in Indonesia.

If that year ever comes, global players in the telecommunication and information technology (IT) industry will be celebrating one billion subscribers of wireless phone services. According to Hong Kong-based consultants Strategis Group, this year alone wireless phone subscribers have reached 530 million worldwide.

Anticipating the trend, Telkomsel, one of the largest mobile phone operators in Indonesia today, is planning to enhance its telecommunications technology with general packet radio services (GPRS). Through this initiative, Telkomsel will be able to offer much improved services.

Service, or as IT people would call it QoS (Quality of Service), will become a major concern for subscribers. Who would want to have “”network search”” blinking on the phone screen all the time? In its early days, GSM (Global System for Mobiles) could also be called Geser Sedikit Mati or, move a little and the phone is dead.

On the Internet and other networks, QoS is the idea that transmission rates, error rates and other characteristics can be measured, improved and, to some extent, guaranteed in advance.

With GPRS, Telkomsel is running in the fast lane. Based on GSM communication, GPRS has higher data transmission rates which allow users to take part in video conferences and interact with multimedia web sites in any part of the world. GPRS promises data rates from 56 kilobits per second (Kbps) up to 114 Kbps, and continuous connection to the Internet for mobile phone and computer users.

Today’s plain flavored Internet dial-up connection in Jakarta can reach as high as 8 Mbps (Indosat Net connection). Soon enough, users of mobile devices will enjoy the comfort of Internet in their palms at faster speeds. As the speed is gradually improving, mobile Internet keeps its magnetic charm for most of its users.

However, with the possibility of the value-added tax being raised to 12.5% in July and the prices of consumer goods climbing off the wall, apparently the mobile phone industry in Indonesia will remain stable.

More on technology

Another trivia question: what will happen if an effective, acceptable government is finally functioning in Indonesia? Everything goes well according to market demand. Politicians and economists are wearing smiles. Then we can talk about technology advancement further.

Today’s cellular systems are mainly circuit-switched, with connections always dependent on circuit availability. Like that used by Telkom’s POTS (plain old telephone system), most cell phones use a circuit-switched network, where no one else can use the physical lines involved during a call.

In contrast, the next generation of GPRS is already coming. It is called Universal Mobile Telephone System (UMTS). It offers a consistent range of services to mobile computer and phone users no matter where they are located in the world. As with any evolving technology, worldwide deployment of UMTS may take some time.

UMTS is one of the approved standards by the International Telecommunications UnionTelecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T). Located in Geneva, ITU-T is the main international body that develops cooperative standards for telecommunications equipment and systems.

UMTS meets with the requirement of providing transmission rates of 144 Kbps when mobile, 384 Kbps when pedestrian speeds outdoor, and 2 Mbps stationary indoors.

While it becomes a little faster at each new phase, wireless technology will mature in time. Most European countries and Japan already have the facilities to utilize UMTS, which will be in service after 2002.

Something to ponder

Once UMTS is fully implemented, it will keep people connected at all times and in all places. Phone and PDA (personal digital assistant) users can be constantly connected to the Internet as they travel and have the same set of capabilities no matter where they are.

Privacy and security on the Net is something to consider. If cell phones or PDAs stay online 24 hours a day, this could tempt hackers. With fingerprint, retinal, or voice recognition systems, security is also advancing.

Some of us would like to have time for ourselves; often disconnecting the phone while on vacation. If not, the cell phone in the pocket could be spotted thousands of miles away from where we are. This is made possible by global positioning satellites.

Owned and operated by the U.S. Department of Defense, but available for general use around the world, the global positioning system (GPS) is a constellation of 24 well-spaced satellites that orbit the Earth.

It is possible for people with ground receivers to pinpoint their geographic location. These days, GPS receivers, which can be attached to any electronic device, are becoming consumer products.

Some experts say that technology, bit by bit, chips away at our privacy. Is it possible to design a technology that could conceal personal information? Once we live in borderless space, expect the information explosion at any time. Make use of it, or make the best defense from it.

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Life | Sun, June 17 2001, 7:29 AM

 

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Gambar

My Old Article (2): Unwiring the Internet blunder on the many islands of Indonesia


jammed

JAKARTA (JP): The Internet in Indonesia is like the city of Jakarta: many activities backed up in a terrible traffic jam. “”Slowly but surely we are becoming connected to the outside world,”” says Alika Aurelia, an Internet observer and owner of several information technology (IT)-related companies in Jakarta.

Every day commuters have to face the deranged and crowded streets. So do the subscribers of Internet service providers (ISPs) in Indonesia. Data, from simple text to video streaming, travels through phone lines like cars at peak-hour, jammed and bottlenecked, Alika adds.

The infrastructure of messy streets in Jakarta is to be blame for traffic problems. And the Internet in Indonesia is facing the same problem: poor infrastructure.

With so many alleys and dead-ends, Jakarta also has three main streets: Sudirman, Thamrin and Rasuna Said. In Indonesia today, there are many ISP allies, with three major players: Indosat, Telkom and Satelindo.

The main issue limiting the number of players is the monthly spending on Internet licenses, which cost thousands of dollars per month. And if the dollar keeps floating toward the ceiling, even the main players could crash. Let’s hope not.

License to Speed

The costly license is all about bandwidth. Bandwidth, the complexity of the data for a given level of system performance, allows text (as the data) to be downloaded in a second. It is also possible to download photographs or more complicated data in a second. However, to download a photograph requires more bandwidth.

Large sound files and computer programs require even more bandwidth for acceptable system performance. More complicated data is moving pictures with sound, or movies for short. One can request a movie as a pay-per-view commodity, then the movie is transferred by streaming or downloading methods.

Ultimately, virtual reality (VR) and full-length three-dimensional audio-visual presentations require the most bandwidth of all. Today, VR and 3D movies are still undergoing trial-and-error analysis in technology labs — one of them is the University of North Carolina, where Howard Rheingold, author of Virtual Reality, has experienced early VR technology.

Technology humbuggery

In brief, from simple text to VR, all transmitted and received signals, whether analog or digital, have a certain bandwidth.

In digital cable and fiber-optic systems, the demand for ever-increasing data speeds outweighs the need for bandwidth conservation. There could be an abundance of bandwidth to go around if more and more cables are continually installed, but then again, hard wires are plentiful. Where else can solid cables be placed; under feet or above heads?

With no wires to install instantly, demand exceeds supply. However, there are always other efforts to anticipate a more dynamic, often interactive, multimedia content by “”re-arranging”” the network infrastructure.

One of the efforts could be upgrading the Internet protocol (IP) networking. It shifts from Layer 3 connectivity issues to the construction of intelligent, Layer 4 – 7 infrastructures.

Network layer upgrades

Principally, the IT industry emphasis is turning to specially tuned overlays to the Internet. They are called content delivery networks or content distribution networks (CDNs).

A CDN is a system, frequently an overlay network to the Internet, that has been built specifically for the high-performance delivery of rich multimedia content. A CDN’s raison d’etre is to make the Internet a trusted delivery network for mission-critical, content-rich CDN services.

CDNs address the severe response-time demands, mainly by minimizing the number of Internet backbones that a site requests. This results in streaming or downloadable content encounters becoming much shorter.

The CDN also contains a lookup service that steers a content request to the content surrogate that is closest (geographically or shortest travel time) to the user and/or is the least busy.

Wireless solution

To some extent, Alika remarks, the industry needs to also think of alternative ways such as “”wireless”” communication infrastructure. Either way, restructuring the network systems or building new infrastructure for wireless devices, there are some issues for consideration. Let’s look into the wireless further.

Wireless communication systems carry a signal through atmospheric space without, of course, wire. The early form of the wireless system, or wireless for short, was the “”telegraph”” that went on air in the early years of the 20th century.

Besides radio, television, facsimile and other data communication devices, perpetuating wireless progress has inspired the advent of other devices: from the most complex: full-feature cellular phones, global positioning systems (GPS), cordless mouse or keyboard; to simple baby monitors.

Wireless transceivers are available for connection to portable digital assistants (PDAs) and notebook computers, allowing Internet access without the worry of having to locate a phone jack. One of these days, it will be possible to link any computer to the Internet via satellite, wherever the computer is located on the globe.

In Europe, new high-bandwidth allocation for wireless local area networks (LANs) are expected to be installed where existing LANs are not already in place. With a wireless LAN, a mobile user can also connect to a network through a radio frequency. To some extent, this could be considered as an inexpensive way of tackling infrastructure problems.

If it were possible to introduce this development in Indonesia, with its many scattered islands, it would be a great move toward resolving the infrastructure logistics nightmare. Moreover, if the wireless LANs also communicated directly with a satellite, then this could also cut down the hierarchy of network routing. No traffic jam, no more ill-famed world wide wait.

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Life | Sun, May 06 2001, 7:21 AM

 

Infrastruktur


Setelah sekian lama tidak update blog ini, malam ini timbul kangen menulis tanpa dibayar 🙂

Beberapa presentasi saya di Slideshare.net telah dilihat dan diunduh beberapa kali. Hanya satu yang hari ini saya buka untuk diunduh, yaitu tentang “Telco & Media in Indonesia“. Bahan presentasi saya di kelas “Bisnis dan Industri Televisi” ini banyak diunduh tak hanya kalangan mahasiswa, tapi juga pebisnis… bahkan pebisnis telekomunikasi dari Norwegia! (FYI: Slideshare membolehkan siapa saja mengunduh slide asal kita mendaftar sebagai anggota Slideshare, dan kebanyakan kita menggunakan nama asli untuk bahan *serius*).

Kembali ke pebisnis telekomunikasi. Saya takjub dengan presentasi Hans Rosling di Ted.com beberapa waktu lalu. Rosling mampu menyajikan presentasi tentang statistik yang mudah dicerna. Presentasi saya tentang Telco (telecommunications company) dan Media di Indonesia itu sesungguhnya terinspirasi dari Rosling; bagaimana saya bisa menjejerkan dua sektor berbeda di era 1990-an dan batasan keduanya menjadi sumir hari ini. Yang lebih terpenting lagi, bagaimana saya melihat buruknya infrastruktur berbanding dengan kapasitas kemampuan negara ini, dibanding negara tetangga, Malaysia.

Saya yakin pemerintah masih punya niat baik untuk meneruskan Proyek Palapa Ring dan jalur kabel serat optik bawah laut Australia – Indonesia – Jepang, daripada selalu bottleneck di Singapura. Kedua proyek multiyears, multiplatform ini seharusnya lebih prioritas dari gedung wakil rakyat atau proyek-proyek renovasi fasilitas ini itu yang tak terkait langsung dengan kemaslahatan rakyat. Jika rakyat makmur, yakinlah pemerintah bisa merevisi kantornya di Planet Mars sekalipun.

Terakhir, pebisnis Eropa pun tak punya data akurat tentang industri telekomunikasi dan media di Indonesia hingga harus percaya saja dengan presentasi saya ke mahasiswa… *just kidding, guys*

 

Liga Inggris dan Kebijakan Publik


Loh kok ngomongin olahraga (dan hiburan) dengan kacamata kebijakan publik? Apa hubungannya?

Seorang kawan menanyakan, “Apa yang bisa dilakukan regulator jika siaran Liga Inggris itu berpindah dari satu operator TV berlangganan ke TV berlangganan lain?”

Saya jawab, “Di Indonesia? Tak ada.”

Kasus Liga Inggris di Astro Nusantara tempo hari ini memberikan catatan khusus tentang kepastian hukum di Indonesia. KPPU telah memutuskan sesuatu di luar kewenangannya, dan diamini oleh Mahkamah Agung (walau ada satu hakim yang dissenting opinion).

Hak konsumen seakan menjadi hal terakhir yang harus dipikirkan penyelenggara negara ini, sementara banyak cara bisa dipelajari untuk mencegah terjadinya “kesewenangan” pasar Liga Inggris. Belajar dari Komisi Uni Eropa, via Komisi Persaingan Usaha Uni Eropa, Microsoft yang berbasis di Amerika Serikat, tidak dikenakan sanksi aturan persaingan usaha. Microsoft kena penalti halangan perdagangan (trade barrier) dengan meniadakan Explorer dalam paket bundling piranti lunaknya, jika Microsoft ingin memasok ke pasar Uni Eropa (baca ulasannya di sini).

Sayangnya di Indonesia telah diputuskan final oleh MA, bahwa benar adanya putusan KPPU yang menyatakan ESS (Singapore-based, pemasok siaran Liga Inggris kawasan ASEAN) dan All Asia Media Networks (Malaysia-based, investor Astro Nusantara, pemegang lisensi Astro pay TV) “bersalah”. Atas keputusan sebuah lembaga regulator persaingan usaha yang melakukan tindakan mengatur extra-jurisdictional, atau mengatur entitas di luar wilayah yurisdiksinya, inilah yang disebut “ketidakpastian hukum”. Belum lagi ditambah dengan kasus korupsi M Iqbal (anggota KPPU aktif waktu itu) dan Billy Sindoro (manajemen First Media yang dimiliki juga oleh Lippo Group, investor Astro Nusantara).

Kesimpulan sementara saya,  siapapun yang memenangkan hak siar Liga Inggris musim 2009-2010 ini bisa melenggang nyaman dan menikmati penambahan pelanggan secara signifikan seperti halnya almarhum Astro Nusantara waktu itu (dari 30 ribu menjadi 130 ribu dalam waktu kurang dari 1 bulan). Market mechanism and government failure, a nice combination for chaos. Kita kembali setelah ini… ZAP!

 

MNC di AsiaSat S3


Malam ini saya mau titip salam kenal buat kawan yang ingin mengetahui saluran MNC di satelit AsiaSat S3. Apakah yang dimaksud “mnc” dalam arti luas “multinational corporation”, atau MNC alias Media Nusantara Citra; jika MNC yang terakhir ini, yang merupakan unit dari Global Mediacom, hingga hari ini sih belum terdaftar di jajaran penyewa AsiaSat S3. Ada memang Sun TV, tapi beralamat China, satu negara yang menjadi incaran ekspansi Global Mediacom AKA Bimantara Citra, saudara sepupu dari Bhakti Investama. Memang melalui satu unit di bawah MNC, Global Mediacom telah membeli outstanding share dari perusahaan telekomunikasi di China, Linktone Ltd. yang juga merupakan penyedia media interaktif. Linktone juga merupakan biro iklan eksklusif dan penyedia isi bagi Qinghai Satellite Television, sebuah saluran TV via satelit yang bisa ditangkap di 24 provinsi dengan total penonton 276 juta. Nah, Qinghai ini memang diuplink ke satelit AsiaSat S3 juga. Jadi, kesimpulannya: bukan MNC langsung ya?

Anyway…

Bangga juga ada pengusaha Indonesia yang bisa mengayuh perahunya sejauh China. Asal tidak ada cuci-cuci uang, saya mah angkat kepalan tangan saya (bukan topi, karena enggak suka pakai topi sih) buat Global Mediacom.

***

Kapasitas dan cakupan footprint AsiaSat S3 itu cukup besar, maklum milik General Electric dan Citic. GE adalah konglomerat Amerika Serikat yang punya GE Commercial Finance, GE Industrial, GE Infrastructure (termasuk GE Aviation dan bekas Smiths Aerospace), GE Consumer Finance, GE Healthcare, dan NBC Universal, usaha bisnis hiburan (wikipedia). Sedangkan Citic (China International Trust and Investment Company) merupakan BUMN Pemerintah China.

Beberapa saluran di dalam AsiaSat S3 adalah sebagai berikut: China Entertainment TV, China Entertainment TV 2, Maharishi Veda Vision, Zee Network, Channel NewsAsia, Radio Singapore International, BTV World, TVB 8, Celestial Movies, Celestial Classic Movies, Azio TV Asia, Fashion TV Hong Kong & Asia, Aaj TV, Arirang Arab, NOW, Bloomberg TV Asia-Pacific, Russia Today, MTA International, Al Jazeera English, Supreme Master TV, TV 5 Monde Asie, Eurosport Asia, Eurosport News, IRINN, Amouzesh TV Network, IRIB Quran, Jame-Jam TV Network 3, Press TV, Sahar, IRIB Radio 1, Radio Payam, Radio Javan, Radio Maaref, Radio Farhang, Sedaye Ashena, Radio Varzesh, Radio Quran (Iran), Radio Yazd, Radio Sistan Balochestan, Phoenix InfoNews Channel, Kerman TV, Khalij Fars TV, Radio Kerman, Radio Bandar Abas, Radio Kerman, Radio Bandar Abas, Noor TV (Afghanistan), Tamadon TV, PBC Larkana, Radio Pakistan, Sun TV (China), PTV Global, PTV Global, TVB, TVB Xing He, MATV, Horizon Channel, PTV National, PTV Home, Radio Pakistan, Zee Network, Zee Muzic Asia, Zee Smile, Geo TV Network… pokoknya cukup heboh!

 

KEBEBASAN *sensor* TERANCAM?


PTUN adalah mekanisme hukum yang sah; lalu mengapa jadi tersinggung dan menggugat balik?

Proses tender Universal Service Obligation (USO) ke desa-desa adalah frasa kunci dalam kasus ACeS menggugat Direktorat Jenderal Pos dan Telekomunikasi (Ditjen Postel) ke Pengadilan Tata Usaha Negara. Sedangkan frasa kunci buat Postel menggugat balik ACeS adalah “teknologi comply atau tidak, kalau tidak jadinya lebih mahal”. Baca beritanya, klik di sini.

You gotta be kidding!

Honestly?

1. USO sudah beberapa kali ditanyakan di DPR RI Komisi 1 tentang transparansi penyalurannya oleh Postel. Kalau tidak salah total 2005 adalah sebesar 17 trilyun rupiah. Hasilnya? Apakah DPR RI juga tak lagi bertanya karena bosan atau alasan lain, ataukah memang rakyat tak boleh tahu uang pungutan dari operator telekomunikasi negeri ini larinya ke mana. Transparansi penggunaan uang negara memang masalah berat hingga hari ini.

Alasan Panitia Tender USO untuk membatalkan Tender karena Penawaran dari PT ACeS sebesar Rp 1,7 trilyun adalah terlalu murah, sedangkan Tawaran PT TELKOM sebesar Rp 5,6 trilyun dianggap teralu mahal. Berdasarkan simulasi Panitia, angkayang wajar adalah Rp 3,7 trilyun. Apa aturan Tender memang demikian?

2. PTUN adalah mekanisme paling adil dan demokratis untuk keputusan-keputusan pemerintah yang dianggap salah karena merugikan anggota masyarakat. Pemerintah seharusnya nrimo dan berbuka hati atas kritik ini. Challenge atas putusan pengadilan kemudian adalah pengaturan di Postel kemudian. Kajian terhadap penggunaan dana USO seharusnya dipaparkan ke publik; mengapa ACeS tidak layak atau layak (tapi ada alasan di balik alasan?). Toh pilar yudikatif hari ini juga berbenah diri, mengapa pemerintah/eksekutifnya tidak?

3. Teknologi comply? Hari ini dengan digitalisasi di segala lini, rentang perbedaan antara satu standar dengan lainnya menipis. Maaf jika saya salah dalam berlogika tentang teknologi.

  • FAKTA 1: pilih mana? ACeS (sebagai pemilik salah satu satellite komunikasi – owned and operated by ACeS) versus pemenang tender yang comply teknologinya tapi tidak memiliki satelit.
  • FAKTA 2: seperti China yang luas, Indonesia juga memiliki 17 ribu kepulauan. Sejak lima tahun terakhir, China menggunakan satelit untuk seluruh negaranya kemudian menggelar kabel daripada antena terestrial di satu titik untuk efisiensi.
  • FAKTA 3: Satelit komunikasi adalah sebuah alat digital yang penerimanya harus digital atau bisa ditransfer ke analog. Membuat head-end di satu titik untuk menyalurkan ke rumah-rumah adalah proses yang kian dibuat murah (ingat Wajanbolik yang dirancang Mas Ono Purbo, bukunya bisa dibeli di toko buku terdekat; atau ingatlah bahwa kabel buatan China adalah kabel termurah di dunia!)
  • Rangkaian berpikirnya adalah: Indonesia raya 17 ribu pulau, satelit digital, kabel buatan China murah, wajanbolik mudah dan murah, lalu mengapa dipersulit? (Oh lupa, ini Indonesia ya?)

Akhirul kalam, saya tak melihat alasan standar teknologi yang comply dan proses gugat balik ini akhirnya dilakukan atau bahkan dipikirkan dalam esensi tertinggi dan termulia: kepentingan rakyat di daerah. Postel seharusnya bisa lebih cerdas dan bijak lagi, karena saya kenal Pak Basuki adalah orang yang cerdas dan bijak.

wajanbolik.jpg wajanbolik @ www.netsains.com