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My Old Article (7): The sky’s the limit: The broadcasting law


faconnable
JAKARTA (JP): Every month a new type of cellular phone is released to the public. The latest would be the one with an attachable digital camera. We are getting closer and closer to the next generation: 3G. When the world talks about new technology, we join the crowd. While they have a good plan, a solid infrastructure and the “”what next”” vision, we, unfortunately, do not have these things. Not yet.

We must hurry to catch up before digital convergence reaches its peak, but unfortunately we have less to start with. Similar in nature to the United States’ 1996 Telecommunications Act would be our Broadcast Law No. 24/1997, which has been sitting in the legislature for some time.

There is no discussion of possible technological advances there, not even a vision. The subject of discussion and debate is more similar to what was settled 100 years ago in the U.S. Here are some of the issues:

First, the Indonesia Broadcasting Commission (KPI). KPI may likely resemble the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the United States. However, the KPI will not, or must not, have the same authority as the FCC.

Some of the FCC’s tasks were outlined in Section 303 of the Communications Act of 1934, which led to the birth of the FCC: “”(T)o classify [radio] stations and prescribe services, assign frequencies and power, approve equipment and mandate standards for levels of interference, make regulations for stations with network affiliations, prescribe qualifications for station owners and operators, levy fines and forfeitures and issue cease and desist orders.””

Additional comprehensive tasks were added as new technologies appeared — television, satellite and microwave communication, cable TV, cellular phones, wireless applications and the Internet.

In Indonesia, the KPI’s powers will be limited. The House of Representatives has suggested that frequency allocation should go to the KPI, but the government, in this case the ministry of communications and information, did not agree to this. Until now, frequency spectrum allocation has been under the Ministry of Transportation, which is also concerned with frequencies for transportation.

It is tough to decide who gets what frequency in what location. Indonesia already has 10 private TV stations (RCTI, SCTV, TPI, ANteve,Indosiar, Metro TV, TV7, Lativi, TransTV, and TV-G), and one government-owned station (TVRI). All the stations have gone national, and already reach more than 50 percent of all areas.

More repeat stations will be established in the years to come, and, if possible, new licenses will be issued for more TV stations.

However, if the KPI cannot “”assign frequencies and power”” for stations (radio or TV), how will they perform? Technological advancements in broadcasting and telecommunications are moving faster than ever. In other parts of the world, the digital compression has eased off allocations. Has the government foreseen this?

The Indonesian TV industry is different from the U.S. model. We don’t have network stations with their affiliated stations, nor independent stations. There are no cable networks with multiple channels. The TV network business model in the U.S. was rooted from the radio network, where one network can have several affiliated stations in different cities all over the country.

The FCC’s first and main task was frequency allocation for radio stations. When noncommercial organizations, such as churches and schools, pleaded to establish stations they were unable to get a frequency because most were granted to commercial stations.

Not until 1945 did the FCC clearly define frequencies for educational and nonprofit stations: 88 MHz to 92 MHz. Allocation for television was another drawn-out, conflicted issue.

Established on June 11, 1934, the FCC, whose members were appointed by the President and approved by the Congress, had to decide whether licenses could be passed to network or local stations.

Similarly, in Indonesia the government cannot decide whether allocations should be national or local. The spirit of Indonesian Law No. 22/1999 on provincial autonomy has supported frequency allocation at the provincial level.

On the other hand, the ministries of transportation and information still want to regulate it at the national level. Unfortunately, this means that provincial or community television could be limited or even banned — if it interferes in national TV frequencies.

The case of East Java’s JTV has proven this; one of its transmitting towers was shut down by the police due to interference with Indosiar.

And regarding community or public television, say goodbye to public TV. Instead welcome a new hybrid station: TVRI. State-owned but commercial television has given way to public TV, which was a title that TVRI once saw as a burden.

Many applauded the effort by Sumita Tobing, TVRI‘s president director, to make this change, while many others condemned it. Now, we must redefine the business model of public TV.

In the U.S. and many developed countries, public TV is fully funded by the government and appreciative contributors, and there are no commercials between programs. Unfortunately, TVRI has to support too many employees spread across the country, and has less money for good programs.

On the contrary, community TV, broadcasting locally or provincially, has bloomed everywhere. From the campus (Ganesha TV, ITB, Bandung) to corporate offices (Caltex, Kalimantan Timur) to JTV (East Java province), most of them are able to finance their own programs, even for one to two-hour broadcast operations. The problem arises when they use up the frequency, but only if they are not using cable for distribution.

Both public and community television station should clearly “”characterize”” the public and community they represent. The new broadcast law must consider them, not “”terminate”” them. What would happen if all mass media went commercial? The government provides no room for education and knowledge, again?

Then there are the overlooked issues. Many issues could hit the deck in time. Sex and violence must be supervised, while home taping could be copyright infringement. Overexposed children, program-length commercials, abuse of language, court TV, digital transition and convergence could be left out. Broadcast Law No. 24/1997 must clearly define and regulate these things beforehand, not afterward in the form of amendments.

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Thu, 08/01/2002 7:29 AM | Opinion

 
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Ditulis oleh pada Juli 21, 2013 in public policy, SCTV, technology

 

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My Old Article (4): Krisdayanti joins famous people by building her personal website


KD

JAKARTA (JP): She sings well, dresses elegantly and also knows how to act. Krisdayanti is probably an Indonesian 21st century icon. And yes, she is on the Net, too, with her “”still-under-construction”” personal website. Check out http://www.krisdayanti.com if you are curious.

Often, a site with a domain name that uses one’s own name, personal site for short, is sometimes not established by the owner of the name. It could be established by a fan or a group of fans. The beautiful Malaysian singer Siti Nurhaliza, for example, has a site (www.sitinurhaliza.net) established by a geek fan.

The site http://www.leary.com was constructed by young people who had met or adored the deceased Timothy Leary. He was the fascinating ex-Harvard lecturer who wrote Chaos and Cyberculture and whose ashes were scattered in outer space.

The site http://www.leary.com was picked as the Net’s Best Site in 1996. By that time, there were not so many marvelous web designs: no sound, no video and no Flash technology. Flash, by Macromedia (www.macromedia.com for a free software download), creates animated vector-based websites.

Speaking of Flash technology, there is one local personal site supported by Flash: a site set up by techno-fiend media mogul Peter F. Gontha (www.gontha.com).

Okay, Krisdayanti and Siti Nurhaliza are pretty. Leary was a guru who envisioned cyberspace far before the Internet hype took root in the 1990s. If a businessman as great as Peter Fritz Gontha establishes his personal site with amazing vision, does this mean that he really keeps track of new technology in all media?

To find the answer, I logged onto http://www.gontha.com. With the so-called sophisticated Flash technology, I had to stare at a very long and boring “”loading”” tag. After that, I registered in out of curiosity. Unfortunately, nothing happened when I logged in again after registration. Ah, this is either a ghost site, a website that is no longer maintained but that remains available for viewing, or the owner just wants to keep the domain name. No vision yet.

Get a domain name

There are two ways to get a personal site. You can purchase a domain name (see http://www.netsol.com), or you can join a provider of free space, (e.g. http://www.geocities.com). Gontha’s site takes the first route. Many recreational users take the second.

Joining the second group, I used to have one at http://www.xoom.com before http://www.NBCi.com bought xoom.com. Soon afterward, there were none. By the way, it was really fun designing, typing and posting it. For someone like me — who cannot sing beautifully or envision the Net radically — I needed to give an intro of who I was. I pasted up a picture of myself. I also mentioned what I liked and did not like.

I really felt great about it until one day a friend of mine stopped by my site. He was a computer nerd who lived in San Francisco, USA. He said, “”It’s too naive””. I didn’t understand at the time. As I found out more about Internet security and privacy, I began to understand. I was just too naive to type my real name, age and address. This could be critical.

Back when there was only a small number of people logging onto the Net, online crime and information abuse was zilch. Today, even a college student like Steven Haryanto can say “”nothing personal”” explaining his dubious sites (e.g. http://www.kilkbca.com, http://www.klikbac.com, and so forth) that snared customers who mistyped Bank Central Asia (BCA)’s web address http://www.klikbca.com. The crime stops there though: he did not take advantage of people who mistakenly typed in their passwords. BCA accepted an apology before the matter was sent to court.

Madonna has fought for her domain name in court. The last time I logged in, her site http://www.madonna.com was a retired or invisible site (one which doesn’t exist anymore and results in a “”not found”” message when you type the address). Her domain name is her trademark. She has, of course, many bodyguards to protect her privacy.

Personal sites

You may want to look around for personal sites in your leisure time. There are millions of other personal sites you can look at besides the ones I mentioned above. Log in to http://www.yahoo.com and click “”members”” to view some. Or click geocities, which is owned by yahoo, for a browse. You may want to check out some other search engines, too.

Alternatively, you can randomly type in anyone’s name with .com or .net, for example http://www.miladay.com, which is not mine. Sometimes, typing a name may lead to a different site than the one I expected to find. I typed http://www.clinton.com to find out more about Bill Clinton, yet I found a registered investment advisor firm.

If you are interested in having your own personal site, please consider some rules. Rule No. 1: know how to design well and efficiently. Let the visitors enjoy it page by page. A bit of knowledge about web technology is Rule No. 2. Actually you can upload anything with a simple program like Microsoft Word. Last of all, Rule No. 3: beware of what and how to reveal information about yourself on the web. See but not touch. Touch but … keep it for yourself. It can be a cruel cyberworld out there.

Famous sites

Local: http://www.gontha.com (Peter F. Gontha), tya.iscool.net (Tya Subiakto), http://www.krisdayanti.com, http://www.anggun.com (Anggun C. Sasmi), http://www.peggymelatisukma.com,

Overseas: http://www.rupertmurdoch.com, http://www.leary.com (Timothy Leary), http://www.tlc.com, http://www.sitinurhaliza.net.

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Life | Sun, July 29 2001, 7:03 AM

 

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My Old Article (3): GPRS — A new technology to put you on the fast track


gprs

JAKARTA (JP): What will happen in 2004? Some politicians aren’t prepared to wait that long to see a new president rule the country. Some of us cannot wait that long to see many changes in Indonesia.

If that year ever comes, global players in the telecommunication and information technology (IT) industry will be celebrating one billion subscribers of wireless phone services. According to Hong Kong-based consultants Strategis Group, this year alone wireless phone subscribers have reached 530 million worldwide.

Anticipating the trend, Telkomsel, one of the largest mobile phone operators in Indonesia today, is planning to enhance its telecommunications technology with general packet radio services (GPRS). Through this initiative, Telkomsel will be able to offer much improved services.

Service, or as IT people would call it QoS (Quality of Service), will become a major concern for subscribers. Who would want to have “”network search”” blinking on the phone screen all the time? In its early days, GSM (Global System for Mobiles) could also be called Geser Sedikit Mati or, move a little and the phone is dead.

On the Internet and other networks, QoS is the idea that transmission rates, error rates and other characteristics can be measured, improved and, to some extent, guaranteed in advance.

With GPRS, Telkomsel is running in the fast lane. Based on GSM communication, GPRS has higher data transmission rates which allow users to take part in video conferences and interact with multimedia web sites in any part of the world. GPRS promises data rates from 56 kilobits per second (Kbps) up to 114 Kbps, and continuous connection to the Internet for mobile phone and computer users.

Today’s plain flavored Internet dial-up connection in Jakarta can reach as high as 8 Mbps (Indosat Net connection). Soon enough, users of mobile devices will enjoy the comfort of Internet in their palms at faster speeds. As the speed is gradually improving, mobile Internet keeps its magnetic charm for most of its users.

However, with the possibility of the value-added tax being raised to 12.5% in July and the prices of consumer goods climbing off the wall, apparently the mobile phone industry in Indonesia will remain stable.

More on technology

Another trivia question: what will happen if an effective, acceptable government is finally functioning in Indonesia? Everything goes well according to market demand. Politicians and economists are wearing smiles. Then we can talk about technology advancement further.

Today’s cellular systems are mainly circuit-switched, with connections always dependent on circuit availability. Like that used by Telkom’s POTS (plain old telephone system), most cell phones use a circuit-switched network, where no one else can use the physical lines involved during a call.

In contrast, the next generation of GPRS is already coming. It is called Universal Mobile Telephone System (UMTS). It offers a consistent range of services to mobile computer and phone users no matter where they are located in the world. As with any evolving technology, worldwide deployment of UMTS may take some time.

UMTS is one of the approved standards by the International Telecommunications UnionTelecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T). Located in Geneva, ITU-T is the main international body that develops cooperative standards for telecommunications equipment and systems.

UMTS meets with the requirement of providing transmission rates of 144 Kbps when mobile, 384 Kbps when pedestrian speeds outdoor, and 2 Mbps stationary indoors.

While it becomes a little faster at each new phase, wireless technology will mature in time. Most European countries and Japan already have the facilities to utilize UMTS, which will be in service after 2002.

Something to ponder

Once UMTS is fully implemented, it will keep people connected at all times and in all places. Phone and PDA (personal digital assistant) users can be constantly connected to the Internet as they travel and have the same set of capabilities no matter where they are.

Privacy and security on the Net is something to consider. If cell phones or PDAs stay online 24 hours a day, this could tempt hackers. With fingerprint, retinal, or voice recognition systems, security is also advancing.

Some of us would like to have time for ourselves; often disconnecting the phone while on vacation. If not, the cell phone in the pocket could be spotted thousands of miles away from where we are. This is made possible by global positioning satellites.

Owned and operated by the U.S. Department of Defense, but available for general use around the world, the global positioning system (GPS) is a constellation of 24 well-spaced satellites that orbit the Earth.

It is possible for people with ground receivers to pinpoint their geographic location. These days, GPS receivers, which can be attached to any electronic device, are becoming consumer products.

Some experts say that technology, bit by bit, chips away at our privacy. Is it possible to design a technology that could conceal personal information? Once we live in borderless space, expect the information explosion at any time. Make use of it, or make the best defense from it.

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Life | Sun, June 17 2001, 7:29 AM

 

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Gambar

My Old Article (2): Unwiring the Internet blunder on the many islands of Indonesia


jammed

JAKARTA (JP): The Internet in Indonesia is like the city of Jakarta: many activities backed up in a terrible traffic jam. “”Slowly but surely we are becoming connected to the outside world,”” says Alika Aurelia, an Internet observer and owner of several information technology (IT)-related companies in Jakarta.

Every day commuters have to face the deranged and crowded streets. So do the subscribers of Internet service providers (ISPs) in Indonesia. Data, from simple text to video streaming, travels through phone lines like cars at peak-hour, jammed and bottlenecked, Alika adds.

The infrastructure of messy streets in Jakarta is to be blame for traffic problems. And the Internet in Indonesia is facing the same problem: poor infrastructure.

With so many alleys and dead-ends, Jakarta also has three main streets: Sudirman, Thamrin and Rasuna Said. In Indonesia today, there are many ISP allies, with three major players: Indosat, Telkom and Satelindo.

The main issue limiting the number of players is the monthly spending on Internet licenses, which cost thousands of dollars per month. And if the dollar keeps floating toward the ceiling, even the main players could crash. Let’s hope not.

License to Speed

The costly license is all about bandwidth. Bandwidth, the complexity of the data for a given level of system performance, allows text (as the data) to be downloaded in a second. It is also possible to download photographs or more complicated data in a second. However, to download a photograph requires more bandwidth.

Large sound files and computer programs require even more bandwidth for acceptable system performance. More complicated data is moving pictures with sound, or movies for short. One can request a movie as a pay-per-view commodity, then the movie is transferred by streaming or downloading methods.

Ultimately, virtual reality (VR) and full-length three-dimensional audio-visual presentations require the most bandwidth of all. Today, VR and 3D movies are still undergoing trial-and-error analysis in technology labs — one of them is the University of North Carolina, where Howard Rheingold, author of Virtual Reality, has experienced early VR technology.

Technology humbuggery

In brief, from simple text to VR, all transmitted and received signals, whether analog or digital, have a certain bandwidth.

In digital cable and fiber-optic systems, the demand for ever-increasing data speeds outweighs the need for bandwidth conservation. There could be an abundance of bandwidth to go around if more and more cables are continually installed, but then again, hard wires are plentiful. Where else can solid cables be placed; under feet or above heads?

With no wires to install instantly, demand exceeds supply. However, there are always other efforts to anticipate a more dynamic, often interactive, multimedia content by “”re-arranging”” the network infrastructure.

One of the efforts could be upgrading the Internet protocol (IP) networking. It shifts from Layer 3 connectivity issues to the construction of intelligent, Layer 4 – 7 infrastructures.

Network layer upgrades

Principally, the IT industry emphasis is turning to specially tuned overlays to the Internet. They are called content delivery networks or content distribution networks (CDNs).

A CDN is a system, frequently an overlay network to the Internet, that has been built specifically for the high-performance delivery of rich multimedia content. A CDN’s raison d’etre is to make the Internet a trusted delivery network for mission-critical, content-rich CDN services.

CDNs address the severe response-time demands, mainly by minimizing the number of Internet backbones that a site requests. This results in streaming or downloadable content encounters becoming much shorter.

The CDN also contains a lookup service that steers a content request to the content surrogate that is closest (geographically or shortest travel time) to the user and/or is the least busy.

Wireless solution

To some extent, Alika remarks, the industry needs to also think of alternative ways such as “”wireless”” communication infrastructure. Either way, restructuring the network systems or building new infrastructure for wireless devices, there are some issues for consideration. Let’s look into the wireless further.

Wireless communication systems carry a signal through atmospheric space without, of course, wire. The early form of the wireless system, or wireless for short, was the “”telegraph”” that went on air in the early years of the 20th century.

Besides radio, television, facsimile and other data communication devices, perpetuating wireless progress has inspired the advent of other devices: from the most complex: full-feature cellular phones, global positioning systems (GPS), cordless mouse or keyboard; to simple baby monitors.

Wireless transceivers are available for connection to portable digital assistants (PDAs) and notebook computers, allowing Internet access without the worry of having to locate a phone jack. One of these days, it will be possible to link any computer to the Internet via satellite, wherever the computer is located on the globe.

In Europe, new high-bandwidth allocation for wireless local area networks (LANs) are expected to be installed where existing LANs are not already in place. With a wireless LAN, a mobile user can also connect to a network through a radio frequency. To some extent, this could be considered as an inexpensive way of tackling infrastructure problems.

If it were possible to introduce this development in Indonesia, with its many scattered islands, it would be a great move toward resolving the infrastructure logistics nightmare. Moreover, if the wireless LANs also communicated directly with a satellite, then this could also cut down the hierarchy of network routing. No traffic jam, no more ill-famed world wide wait.

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Life | Sun, May 06 2001, 7:21 AM

 

Mempelajari Media Hari Ini


Tahun 1997 adalah tahun saya bergabung dengan salah satu kanal JV milik Malicak dan Star TV Hongkong. Sebelum wawancara dengan CEO-nya, saya harus menyiapkan sebundel materi cetak yang saya peroleh dari internet. Belum ada Google waktu itu, hanya Yahoo. Saya ingat mencari dengan mesin Yahoo itu menyebalkan; suka tersesat. Materi cetak itu untuk memberikan saya amunisi jika bertemu dengan Pak CEO yang bule itu. Tentu saja saya tak ingin gagap saat menjawab “What is pay-TV?”. Tentu saja, dengan amunisi sebanyak itu saya mampu menjawab tanpa gagap.

Hari ini saya masih membaca terus unlimited material yang ada di dunia maya ini tanpa harus mengeluarkan tiket pesawat atau kertas printout secarikpun. Saya masih ingin mengunyah dan mencerna fenomena media hari ini. Satu hal pasti, teknologi yang begitu pesat di luar sana, masuk ke sini hanya seujung kuku. Sampai hari ini tak banyak anak bangsa ini yang mampu mencari jalan bagaimana membuat alat dan infrastruktur yang memudahkan “sebuah media” bergulir mengikuti teknologinya. Silicon Valley di Amerika Serikat adalah surga bagi mereka, dan mereka yang bekerja di sana sekarang bukan lagi dikenal sebagai IT Nerds tapi Media Tycoons. Go figure…!

Saya masih membaca di sini dan di sini, bagaimana sekian banyak saluran audiovisual yang bisa ditonton kemudian menjadi seperti sekarang dan bagaimana model bisnis mereka mulai mencari jalan ke titik paling menguntungkan. Bayangkan Youtube adalah fenomena yang tak bisa diprediksi oleh orang kebanyakan 5 tahun lalu, namun hari ini bukan main pemasukannya. Jalur kabel serat optik bawah laut yang masih jadi perdebatan di negeri ini sudah digelar puluhan tahun lalu oleh mereka yang memiliki visi, seperti Singapura, Malaysia dan Jepang. Singapura telah memasang Wimax di seantero daerah bahkan hingga ke sepanjang pesisir negeri pulau itu. Tak ada sinyal internet raib di sana sepanjang kita duduk di atas mobil yang berjalan. Di sini? Haha, nanti banyak operator telko gulung tikar dan tak ada lagi pemasukan bagi negara.

Right on, selain IT Nerds dan Media Tycoons… saya singgung Telco Moguls. Ini adalah media hari ini. Konvergensi. Apakah kita siap dengan model bisnis dan segala perkembangan yang akan terjadi? Go figure…

 

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Infrastruktur


Setelah sekian lama tidak update blog ini, malam ini timbul kangen menulis tanpa dibayar šŸ™‚

Beberapa presentasi saya di Slideshare.net telah dilihat dan diunduh beberapa kali. Hanya satu yang hari ini saya buka untuk diunduh, yaitu tentang “Telco & Media in Indonesia“. Bahan presentasi saya di kelas “Bisnis dan Industri Televisi” ini banyak diunduh tak hanya kalangan mahasiswa, tapi juga pebisnis… bahkan pebisnis telekomunikasi dari Norwegia! (FYI: Slideshare membolehkan siapa saja mengunduh slide asal kita mendaftar sebagai anggota Slideshare, dan kebanyakan kita menggunakan nama asli untuk bahan *serius*).

Kembali ke pebisnis telekomunikasi. Saya takjub dengan presentasi Hans Rosling di Ted.com beberapa waktu lalu. Rosling mampu menyajikan presentasi tentang statistik yang mudah dicerna. Presentasi saya tentang Telco (telecommunications company) dan Media di Indonesia itu sesungguhnya terinspirasi dari Rosling; bagaimana saya bisa menjejerkan dua sektor berbeda di era 1990-an dan batasan keduanya menjadi sumir hari ini. Yang lebih terpenting lagi, bagaimana saya melihat buruknya infrastruktur berbanding dengan kapasitas kemampuan negara ini, dibanding negara tetangga, Malaysia.

Saya yakin pemerintah masih punya niat baik untuk meneruskan Proyek Palapa Ring dan jalur kabel serat optik bawah laut Australia – Indonesia – Jepang, daripada selalu bottleneck di Singapura. Kedua proyek multiyears, multiplatform ini seharusnya lebih prioritas dari gedung wakil rakyat atau proyek-proyek renovasi fasilitas ini itu yang tak terkait langsung dengan kemaslahatan rakyat. Jika rakyat makmur, yakinlah pemerintah bisa merevisi kantornya di Planet Mars sekalipun.

Terakhir, pebisnis Eropa pun tak punya data akurat tentang industri telekomunikasi dan media di Indonesia hingga harus percaya saja dengan presentasi saya ke mahasiswa… *just kidding, guys*

 

CES 2011 is ngeces.com


Consumer Electronic Show (CES) di Las Vegas, Amerika Serikat, telah berlangsung dua hari. Sejak 2004 CES merupakan ajang elit bagi produser adu-pamer perangkat digital canggih, terutamanya terkait internet dan komputer. Tahun lalu, komputer genggam versi tablet yang heboh itu, iPad, diperkenalkan Steve Jobs, petinggi Apple Inc. Tahun ini, Motorolla Xoom pun diperkenalkan juga, di antara produk baru seputar fisik atau pun tidak, mulai tablet, televisi dan kamera 3D, apps, dan seterusnya. Diperkirakan tahun ini adalah tahun perang tablet, dan perangkat lain yang mulai berkembang adalah perangkat internet yang ringkas untuk otomotif. Iya, jangan sampai pengemudi sedang menyetir, semua gadget itu kemudian mengganggu kenyamanan pengemudi… bagaimana dong jadinya? Go figure!

Sejam yang lalu, dari berita #CES via Twitter, Microsoft mengumumkan peluncuran AvatarKinect, yang dapat memindai wajah pengguna agar masuk ke dalam program. Daftar “Wow!” ini akan bertambah panjang seiring sejalan daftar “Oh crap! We are in Indonesia…”

That’s right! Percuma kita memiliki perangkat secanggih apapun kalau infrastruktur di negeri ini tidak mendukung. Ibaratnya, mobilnya Hummer tapi rumahnya di gang senggol. Apa pasal? Jelas kok biaya infrastruktur apa pun di negeri ini dikorupsi gila-gilaan. Jalan bolong langsung diaspal, ini impian di siang bolong. High cost juga akhirnya menimpa pihak swasta. Salah satunya setoran ke pejabat kalau mau membangun BTS di daerah, izinnya tidak mahal tapi dipersulit. Ini cuma salah satu kebocoran yang membuat biaya berusaha tak murah di Indonesia.

Akhirnya kalau tidak mau ngomel di Facebook atau Twitter tentang “Telkomsel Flash” yang tidak sesuai iklannya, mungkin kita hanya bisa login saat kita tidur nyenyak.

Selain itu memang infrastruktur telekomunikasi dan komunikasi yang belum merata ke seluruh pelosok Indonesia, wong jalanĀ  aspal untuk jalur distribusi makanan dan produk ke dalam dan ke luar satu daerah saja hanya di pusat kota. Geser ke sekian kilometer dari alun-alun kota, banyak yang masih jalan setapak.

Terakhir, alasan utama buruknya jalur komunikasi internet negeri ini karena bottleneck yang tak kunjung diselesaikan.Ā  Jalur ke luar dari Indonesia ke gateway terdekatĀ  hingga ke Amerika Serikat dan Eropa itu cuma lewat Singapura. Ukurannya pun cuma segede sedotan dibandingĀ information highway dari Singapura ke Hongkong dan hub lain di dunia… dan Singapura bahkan memproklamasikan dirinya iN2015, atau intelligent nation 2015 (wikipedia: Intelligent Nation 2015 is a 10-year masterplan by the Government of Singapore to help Singapore realise the potential of infocomm over the next decade).

Di Indonesia…? Palapa Ring saja “katanya” mau pakai APBN 2011 untuk penyelesaian “sengketa” antar-anggota konsorsium. Another bail out for handicapped commercial entities? Setelah proyek selesai, semua uang pungutan dari infrastruktur ini masuk ke pundi swasta berjuta kali lipat daripada keuntungan yang dinikmati segelintir rakyat. Masih ingat pungutan jalan tol seumur hidup? Sampai hari ini saya tak pernah baca transparansi pemasukan dan pengeluarannya (ya alasannya ini sudah bukan APBN, ini arus uang masuk-keluar punya swasta… blah!).

Belum selesai Palapa Ring pun rakyat sudah rugi, karena APBN itu tidak taktis dialokasikan untuk infrastruktur jangka pendek. Jalan tetap bolong, sekolah tak punya atap selamanya, semua harga kebutuhan pokok naik tak jelas mengapa. Mengurai kompleksitas adalah memberi prioritas. Di lain pihak, alat secanggih apapun tentu masih produk luar negeri (baca: produk impor). Masyarakat hari ini masih dibuai kampanye konsumtivisme tingkat tinggi, tanpa melihat bahwa produk berteknologi tinggi hanya diciptakan oleh manusia berpikiran cerdas dan luas.

Hari gini masih mau ngomongin Gayus terus? Bosan ah… infrastruktur sesekali dong, Pak!

 
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Ditulis oleh pada Januari 6, 2011 in informasi, information, infrastruktur, technology

 

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